People fear that Sunday’s election will bring new violence

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Military police in formation during a military exercise ahead of Sunday’s election. Photo: EPA

This is the second election of both the president and parliament in a year, which the authorities have postponed several times due to the pandemic. To win the election, a candidate must collect more than 50 percent of the vote in the first round, and 40 is enough if he has a ten percentage point advantage over the pursuer. A second round of elections, in which Bolivians also elect parliament and a vice-president, is scheduled for 29 November.

According to Morales resignation of anarchy

In November last year, he was the current president Evo Morales declared victory for a fourth term at the helm of the country, but the opposition insisted the election was marked by fraud. After weeks of protests, he resigned and left the country. He currently lives in Argentina.

In the fight for the presidency of his party The movement for socialism (MAS) is now sending a former economy minister Luisa arceja, to whom polls predict about 29 percent of the vote. With the support of about 19 percent, he is followed by a center-right candidate, a former president Carlos Meza, followed by a right-wing politician Luis Fernando Camacho with about ten per cent of the vote.

The interim president also initially ran for president Jeanine Anez, which withdrew its candidacy in September, as too many candidates could have contributed to Luis Arce’s victory. The same motive prompted former President Jorge Quiroga to cancel his candidacy a few days ago. Although Arce enjoys the most support, he could be defeated in the second round if Mezo is supported by other parties that want to prevent the MAS party from ruling.

Since Morales ’departure, the rift between the opposing camps in Bolivia has only deepened.

What will happen after the election?

Regardless, cutter page will win, the second will in all likelihood insist that electoral fraud has taken place and stabilization of the country is expected to be unlikely even after the election.

There are also fears of a repeat of the violence that erupted after last year’s election and in which dozens of people were killed. Violent incidents and protests also marked the period before the elections. In August, for example, supporters of the MAS party protested the postponement of elections and set up several roadblocks across the country.

Although he is not at home, Morales retains great influence in a country where many attribute to him the rise in living standards and the strengthening of equality, especially on the part of the indigenous population, who make up about 40 percent of the 12 million population.

Morales also nationalized oil and gas reserves, invested in social programs and infrastructure, and achieved economic growth well above the regional average.
The main parties facing his camp, on the other hand, criticize Morales as authoritarian and corrupt. According to the DPA, the interim government is also accused of corruption and repression of MAS supporters and critical media.

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